Cost Of Maize Production Per Hectare

The data presented in Table 11. The minimum amount realizable from a well cultivated hectare of land is N520,000. A new spurt of growth was expected to come from market liberalization, as a result of lower maize marketing and input costs. Atrazine was a mainstay in European maize production due to its excellent crop safety, low cost, residual action and broad spectrum of activity on weeds. He gave an estimated cost of production per hectare to be around N314,000 which averagely can give 40 bags of maize or even less. That farmer requires labour to weed and tender the crop," Chiripanyanga said. However, cost is also substantially higher for these two farms. Thus, to achieve maximum economic yield of maize hybrid BH546 determination of plant population per hectare with appropriate N-fertilizer rate was needed. Unfortunately the production of etha-nol from maize grain has proven to be energetically and environmentally costly in terms of the subsidies which now total $12 billion per year (Koplow and Steenblik, 2008). The correct comparison is to do a cost comparison per yield unit, namely cost per tonne in the case of wheat and maize and cost per bag in the case of potatoes. They are a guide to the costs and returns that can be expected if specific. Fertilizer consumption (kilograms per hectare of arable land) Close. The seeds promise up to 68 bags per hectare. This again draws attention to the labor-intensive nature of maize farming in Benin. With30 tons per hectare on a 10 hectare of land an investor can make about N3million on the cassava alone in eight months. The economic analysis showed that Gross Margin per hectare from sole maize crop was N13,943. Maize also has fewer pest and disease problems," said a report of the UN Food and Agriculture. The costs per tonne of DM of forage produced into the farm (maize silages from manure or chemical fertilization, grass silage and pasture) were obtained from the cost of crop production, including seeds, fertilizers, labour, machinery and facilities. pruriens var. 4 Yeild per hectare of maize Unit : kg/ha District 1984/1985 1984/1985 1984/1985 Maha Maha Maha Puttalam 1050 1000 760 Kurunegala 530 1000 680 Ratnapura - 140 - Kandy 1250 1240 1180 Matale 1000 360 810 Nuwara Eliya 300 - 300 Badulla 1210 650 940 Moneragala 990 660 930 Jaffna - 290 4000. and Oil Palm (NMOOP) 2 Plant protection chemicals Insecticides, fungicides, bio-pesticides, bio-agents, NMOOP micronutrients, bio-fertilisers etc. Cost per yield unit Cost per hectare is not necessarily the correct standard according to which a cost comparison between dry land and irrigation should be made. Nonparametric kernel density estimation also reveals consistently lower total and average costs of RR maize at most levels of output, suggesting technological benefits to. Fertilizer was the most prominent cost item, accounting for 59% of the total cost of production. Urea and NPK account for 67% and 28% of the cost of fertilizing, respectively, with the 5% balance being attributed to labor cost. Economic Efficiency of Smallholder Farmers in Maize Production in Bako Tibe District, Ethiopia Kifle Degefa* 1 Moti Jaleta 2 Belaineh Legesse 3 1. The Summer Grain Scheme was established in 1979 in terms of s 14(1)(a) of the Act (see Michau v Maize Board 2003 (6) SA 459 (SCA) para 3). Plant 1 bean seed per hole when using this spacing pattern. WEMA researchers will measure the size and weight of maize cobs and kernels, and expect the overall yield to be higher from plants with the drought-tolerant gene than those without the added trait. An acre of farmland should cost you around #150,000- #250,000. 34 per 50kg bag of Maize. In terms of productivity [yield (kg’s) per hectare], both wheat and rice have shown a sharp increase (FAO production. Whereas for high intensity properties, the cost of growing maize is more often going to be higher than the cost of purchasing it. To produce over 1,8 million tonnes of maize, there is need to increase yield per hectare to an average of 1,5 tonnes per hectare. 00/ha, while the average gross margin was found to be N 13,544. 9 tonnes per hectare in 2016 to 6. Analyses of six crops grown in southern Sweden for biogas production (hemp, sugar beet, maize, triticale, grass/clover ley, winter wheat) showed varying performance regarding methane yield per hectare and energy input and costs in the production and supply of crops as biogas feedstock. and market agents, to promote solutions to sustainable maize and wheat production International Maize Improvement Consortium (IMIC), to increase the competitiveness of the country´s seed industry in a PPP Seeds of Discovery (SeeD), to use cutting edge technologies to unlock the black box of genetic diversity in maize and wheat. According to the latest estimates of harvest as at 15 September 2019 the production of cereals, including grain maize, is assumed to be around 7 638 thousand tonnes. Plant the seeds to a spacing of around 15 cm between the seeds in rows which are about 30 cm apart. The data reflect average cost of purchased inputs and a return to land and labor. Maize productivity in Africa lags behind other maize producing regions, and through SPTA more smallholders will improve their yield. Assuming the recommended fertilizer rate for maize on a hectare is 3 bags of NPK 15:15:15 using the right application rate; you can end up using 6 bags because you do not know how to calculate the fertilizer application rate for NPK 15:15:15, hence, you have ignorantly increased the cost of your maize production. While the amount of maize that can be harvested is dependent on a host of factors such as the variety planted, amount of rainfall, sunshine and the level of weed, pest and disease control management that was applied, a hectare of farmland should yield between 2,000 to 4,000 kilogrammes of maize. A look at the cost of production per hectare in Nigeria shows that there are very little farmers can make under the current price regime. 2 tonnes per hectare, with traditional African type of cultivation, production is 2. Maize grain yield (Table 1) differed significantly only in 1998 with CT and ZT treatment being lower than both MT and TT by 22 and 25%, respectively. You can't say how many tons are in a hectare. Fertilizer consumption (kilograms per hectare of arable land) Close. Maize also has fewer pest and disease problems," said a report of the UN Food and Agriculture. For many decades, the price of this agricultural commodity has witnessed a continuous rise and fall due to several reasons. 8Mt per hectare to 1. 3 Trends in regional maize production, 2000–2014, in tons 4 3. The other alternative is to plant 1 bean row and then 2 seeds per hole. Among cereals maize, in India ranks 5th in total area, fourth in total production and third in yield per hectare. The state agriculture department on Wednesday unveiled. This mill is now in full production and will at least double our grit milling capacity. Blanket fertilizer application at the rate of 90 kg N, 20 kg P and 33 kg K per hectare to maize, while 10 kg N, 26 kg P and 33 kg K per hectare to soyabean. Average economic profit for the farm from Indiana was $13 per hectare ($5 per acre). grown on the farm. World of Corn. But how to get the best from the crop? The quick and simple answer to Ask The Kernel. In the process, Niger state has outpaced many states in several statistical categories used to gage the production of major crops. Food production index (2004-2006 = 100) Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of. 10) but if the irrigation cost for pumping out groundwater is included in the operational cost, the returns would have been decreased by 8. This move can drop the cost to K44. The true cost of maize silage grown on farm at differing milksolid (MS) payout levels and farm systems was estimated. Fertilizer was the most prominent cost item, accounting for 59% of the total cost of production. 2 bushels per acre (8. 36 tonnes as against 1. as a prelude to the construction of a 3-5,000 hectare. It should be noted that this value per hectare does not take costs into account and also does not deduct post harvest losses. Maize silage and dairy cow nutrition Crop maturity and nutrient content In New Zealand, the focus on high energy yields per ha have reduced the cost per tonne of DM harvested. Maize Cultivation and Production in Sri Lanka 11 Table 3. International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 3. ) in Uganda, among which are weeds. A power tiller can be used if the total land area under cultivation is not more than 250ha. Conversely, the maize production sector in Tanzania exhibits a very low productivity and supply, even with improved seeds (Smale et al. 00 Estimated yield per hectare 14 400 kg 19 300 kg (whole cobs) Estimated yield per hectare 7 200 kg 9 650 kg (grain) Gross profit R9 735. In the breakdown, he said the cost of land preparation including plough, harrow and ridges can cost N100,000, seeds both hybrids and others- N10,000, Agro chemicals-N26,000, Labour involving planting, thrashing and. Efficiency Measures Technical and cost efficiency are commonly used benchmark measures. 25 hectare plot. The overall reduction in the production of soya beans has been due to a 19. This table shows the impact of variations in yield and price on gross margin. 80 as of 2014. As the graph below shows, over the past 53 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 1,655. 50/l of gasoline equivalent (lge) when compared to gasoline prices ranging from $0. The total cost of production per hectare in Bobang was significantly low (NRs. Definition Definition Solanum tuberosum Irish potato. The how's and why's of yield estimation. The value of this extra yield is $360/ha, less cost of input ($100), leaving a profit of $260 per ha. 3 million cedis, compared to the traditional practice at the cost of 1. Wide adaptation and stability. But he said the maize was also comparable to a grain crop, particularly wheat, in terms of feed quality. pruriens var. Glycine max commonly known as soybean in North America or soya bean is a species of legume native to East Asia widely grown for its edible bean which has n. Usually low seed rates are adopted when a maize crop is cultivated with the intention of harvesting GEM, often anywhere between 85 000seeds per hectare and 98 000 seeds per hectare. The provisional production estimate for 2017 is. Maize silage cost per MJME assumes a maize silage energy content of 10. Toluwase and K. Furthermore, the income was N48, 109. 6 ha field of switchgrass planted in 2002 at the University of Bologna (North Italy). If the maize price goes up with a mere R250 per tonne (R2 500/ton), profitability will increase by 14. The costs of windrowing are 500 DKK per hectare (65 Euros per hectare). is an annual estimate of the Danish harvest of grain and roughage in area (1000 hectares), average yield (100 kg per hectare), production (million kg), feed value (million Feed Units and 100 Feed Units per hectare). Very importantly, our maize production process promises a 70%-85% reduction in aflatoxin content of the maize; a naturally occurring cancer-promoting substance found in Maize. Using my technical skillset and my feed market knowledge, I have conducted detailed market research for Almarai covering the Western Region to identify sales leads and new opportunities. • Ian Williams is a Pioneer forage specialist. The aim of this study is to evaluate the hidden costs and benefi ts of current maize production practices in the Central Province of Zambia, and to compare these with sustainable production practices. calculated cost of maize silage production to represent the cost that is incurred for each hectare of maize silage that is planted on farm. The 2009 spike in production cost per acre is largely offset in the cost per bushel chart due to the high corn yield of 2009. 2 million ha with the grain production of 5. or crimped maize are therefore earliness, and yield. as a prelude to the construction of a 3-5,000 hectare. 7 tonnes per hectare (Agritex, 2015). increased average yield. 10) but if the irrigation cost for pumping out groundwater is included in the operational cost, the returns would have been decreased by 8. In most of the cases yield data are not recorded, but are obtained by dividing the production data by the data on area harvested. 8%) is, first of all, due to a higher per hectare yield of 5. 2007 Rice Cost and Return Study (Rice Rotation Only) Sacramento Valley UC Cooperative Extension 2 INTRODUCTION The sample costs to produce rice in the Sacramento Valley are presented in this study. 00), cost of FYM per hectare (Rs 9168. April 2016. The how's and why's of yield estimation. Plant either 2 seeds per hole or 1 and 2 seeds alternately per hole, and then single to 1 plant per hole when the maize is 6-9 inches tall, leave 2 plants at one side of a gap. Using the labour multiplier of 0. This increase equates to around 25% improvement in yield. 8% per annual. In the breakdown, he said the cost of land preparation including plough, harrow and ridges can cost N100,000, seeds both hybrids and others- N10,000, Agro chemicals-N26,000, Labour involving planting, thrashing and. To help you with the quotation. This study investigated the most cost-effective integrated weed management (IWM) approach in maize in eastern Uganda. 6 bushels/acre or 2. In most of the cases yield data are not recorded, but are obtained by dividing the production data by the data on area harvested. The value of this extra yield is $360/ha, less cost of input ($100), leaving a profit of $260 per ha. Instantly Convert Bushels Per Acre (bsh/ac) to Tonnes Per Hectare (t/ha) and Many More Area Density Conversions Online. In May continuous no-till maize plots were harvested in Dowa and Nkhotakota districts. Yield continued to rise the following year, after the Growth and Development Strategy was established in 2006. 71 metric tons per hectare (139 bushels per acre). During dry season, when they maximize the use of the seed, farmers are able to attain an average yield of nine to 10 MT. The overall reduction in the production of soya beans has been due to a 19. It entails use of dead matter such as maize stalks to recycle and conserve soil fertility and moisture in addition to smothering weeds,” said. Most maize is used as silage for animal feed, especially for dairy cattle, but increasingly maize is being grown as an energy crop for anaerobic digesters (AD) that are subsidised from public money to produce gas for fuel. Remember, I have previously argued that we should be trying to grow the most valuable things not necessarily what we import. 46 metric tonnes per hectare in the 2017/2018 season to 1. Global rice production more than tripled between 1961 and 2010, with a compound growth rate of 2. 6 bushels per acre for the Brazilian farm (6. Animals like and eat it readily. 6 bushels/acre or 2. , @ 50% of the cost limited to ` 500/- per hectare. 5% per year, a rate never witnessed at national or supra-national scales anywhere in the world in rainfed agriculture. 8 tons per hectare (20 bags of 90kilogram bags). Presently only 20% of the maize area is irrigated. There were also difference in yield per hectare between the provinces; KZN and Mpumalanga being located in the humid subtropical areas of South Africa had the highest yield per hectare 5. 69 lakh hectare), cotton (19. 59 percent of the. Spraying accounts for 38% of the cost of cultivation of which 89% is spent on chemicals. It takes into account the establishment and the production costs. No other crop utilises sunlight more effectively than maize, and its yield per ha is the highest of all grain crops. Yield Maximum of 12 tones per hectare Marketing: Maize may be sold to the GMB (Grain marketing board) at between 11-12. 52,000 cobs of maize could be harvested on one hectare of land, and the average price at the farm gate per cob is N10. 4 tonnes per hectare of rice bean grain. We bring in extension services and increase productivity just to 90 bags a hectare average, you drop the cost of production to K22. 02 tons per hectare. The Summer Grain Scheme was established in 1979 in terms of s 14(1)(a) of the Act (see Michau v Maize Board 2003 (6) SA 459 (SCA) para 3). Get recommendations based on the specific area to be fertilized. The wealth of genomic resources and tools for both of these species can be put to immediate use to make similar advances in biomass yield and quality (Figure 1). Nigeria is the Largest Producer of Tomatoes in Sub-Saharan Africa and 13th in the World - 1 year ago. Read: Cattle Fattening Techniques, Methods. These budgets may be adjusted by putting in your own figures. The 11 points are enunciated by Good Agronomic Practices (GAPs) principle, and it is our belief that this can significantly change the maize crop farming landscape. Commercial Maize Production in Nigeria: The Preparation and of NPK 25-10-10 per hectare at planting. INTRODUCTION Global warming is defined as temperature increase world wide due to green house gases emission and cause deletion to ozone layer [1]. Minimum Enterprise Size -Maize and Gross Production Value -Production Costs. 4 million hectares of land with an average yield of 1963 kg/hectare (Table 24. For further illustration of this fact, we compared five countries with high (Top5) agricultural productivity (expressed in yield per hectare) from Sub-Saharan Africa and the European Union for 2007. The other three South Asian countries producing wheat, too, have also shown a phenomenal increase (ibid). However, this figure can vary between 30 and 180 tonnes per hectare depending on knowledge and crop management approach used in sugarcane cultivation. Early indications. With the use of Hybrid Maize and mechanized system of farming, yield of maize can reach up to 10. Reaping a rich harvest from maize crop. Labour cost also influences the price in other regions than Denmark. 8 t/ha but a yield potential of over 6 t/ha is possible [5, 7]. Answer Wiki. Maize yield per hectare was increased by adding fertiliser. Summary statistics for the data are presented in Table 1. 0 Results and Discussion. may have lower or higher fixed costs per acre. However, potato production also offers high returns, between $0. “Mulching reduces disturbance of the soil as well as gradually increasing fertility with time. The defendant did not know what the hedging rate meant. The average yield of cane stalk is 60–70 tonnes per hectare (24–28 long ton/acre; 27–31 short ton/acre) per year. By Martin Khor. Commercial Maize Production in Nigeria: The Preparation and of NPK 25-10-10 per hectare at planting. 39; a production efficiency index (2. Advanced farming systems and new technologies for the maize industry1 aka What’s New in Maize Production in the U. Maize silage is a good cereal replacement due to high starch levels, but its protein content is low. Why the current price can't sustain maize production. If both Early maize and Main Crop maize are being purchased “the purchase price” shall be the aggregate of the purchase price for the Early maize and the purchase price for the Main Crop maize. yields, total variable costs and gross margins generated per hectare of an ideal small-scale commercial farm versus the small-scale subsistence farm given the same size of land. Rand per hectare 527 979 1,533 2,010 2,101 2,604 3,075. 5 bags of seeds (each bag being 2kgs) selling at 480 - 550/= 2. Table 1 contains the income and expenses for cultivating dryland and irrigation maize at different yield targets. The study is intended as a guide only, and can be used in making production decisions, determining potential returns,. The largest Brazilian farm and the farm from Iowa (US700) lost $122 and $32 per hectare ($49 and $13 per acre), respectively. The other alternative is to plant 1 bean row and then 2 seeds per hole. As the graph below shows, over the past 53 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 1,655. Table 2 displays the seed rate (about 34kg/ha), growth period (approximately 100 to 130 days) and plant population (about 25 000 to 40000 plants/ha) in maize production. Malawi's Input Subsidy Program (ISP) started in 2005, a year prior to increases in maize yield despite rising fertilizer and transportation costs. 5 tons) and high rates of rural poverty 77 per cent (Republic of Zambia – Central Statistical Office, 2016; Chamberlin et al. Maize and beans are today the staple food for many households. Estimating Sunflower Yield (8/16/12) The sunflower yield for oil sunflower can be calculated by the number of plants per acre, the head diameter, the seed size, the number of filled seeds per head, and observing how much of the center of the head is filled. The treatments were replicated three times as a split plot in a randomized. Table 4: Price and yield impact on gross margin/ha. It is often argued that despite the gains in efficiency elsewhere in the system, the fact that organic production produces less is still a barrier in a world where we are told we need to produce more food. 9 MT/hectare in 2004-05 to 2. Average corn yield for the farms in 2013 to 2016 was 141. Planting material Seed requirement for planting one hectare of maize is 20kg Time of planting. 13500, 25000, 27500 and 22000 for the small, medium large and all farms, respectively. The 11 points are enunciated by Good Agronomic Practices (GAPs) principle, and it is our belief that this can significantly change the maize crop farming landscape. Global rice production more than tripled between 1961 and 2010, with a compound growth rate of 2. Maize needs just between 90 to 120 days to reach harvest after planting. Supplementation with concentrates can be reduced and profitability is improved. In modern agriculture one of the most vexing and economically harmful natural factors facing crop production, is weed resistance to herbicides. Average cost of maize production per hectare in 2019 has reached N300,000 across the zones as production exceeds demand in Nigeria, price of maize has crashed at the global market from $367 per tonne in 2018 to $172 per tonne or 53. dollars per planted acre) Wheat production costs in the United States 2017, * U. Cost Per Hectare Of Maize Production by state 2014 - 2016, Source: National. 50 respectively. 1 Egg production costs (GHC per kg of egg weight) 8 3. 2 t/ha for maize across the nine countries, with area-weighted country averages ranging from 6 t/ha in Tanzania to over 12 t/ha in Ethiopia. Production estimates for maize were down from last week at 9. Since Mexico opened up its borders to North American free trade in the 1990s, maize production has doubled, to approximately 23 million tonnes per year. On average, under optimal conditions, CIMMYT maize breeders increased yields by 109 kilograms per hectare per year, under managed drought conditions, 33 kilograms per hectare per year and under. 5 tonnes per hectare) gives an in the paddock price of $510 per tonne per hectare. 8% Maize yield increase (8. From the late 1960s to the early 1980s, this system was remarkably effective. The study revealed that schooling year of household head, family type, active members, farm category, total income from maize seed production and training received had statistically significant effect on the adoption of foundation seed production. 871 per hectare − 2015 target: 1. If you are asking about the yield of coconuts per hectare of coconut plantation then this is possible but the answer to the question would depend on. The average variable cost, Lamba C, Taru VB, Otitujo MA,Tumba A. Maize yield was also lower than expected (1. Tanui explains that one hectare of maize can yield over seven and a half tonnes of silage, which is enough to feed seven dairy cows for a whole year. The purpose for this study was to investigate factors influencing maize production among small scale farmers of Bungoma Central Sub County, Kenya. These budgets may be adjusted by putting in your own figures. Toluwase and K. Chapter 1- Introduction 1. 4 mln to 12. "Land preparation per hectare costs $100, plus two applications of herbicides come at a cost of $100. 3 Trends in regional maize production, 2000–2014, in tons 4 3. However, this figure can vary between 30 and 180 tonnes per hectare depending on knowledge and crop management approach used in sugarcane cultivation. • India has witnessed. GERMPLASM COLLECTION. The calculated “critical yield” of “organic” maize agriculture that does not use field chemicals and fossil fuels is only 30 percent lower than the average maize yield of 8. percent of the total cost, respectively. Accepted 8 October, 2013 Cassava is one of the mostly cultivated root crops in Nigeria, and in Ekiti State with specific reference to this study. Maize production in Nigeria is by far one of the most interesting, easy-to-start and most lucrative type of agribusiness you can ever lay your hands on. Despite these efforts, yield per hectare for maize in Nigeria is as low as 2. It takes into account the establishment and the production costs. A separate benefit of the ryegrass swards was the much higher concentration of sugars it contained compared to the old pasture, with the resultant effect that the ryegrass was much easier to preserve properly as silage. between Argentina, Brazil, and the United States in corn and soybean production costs over the 2008/09-2012/13 period, finds that: • Average farm-level production costs per acre for corn and soybeans in Argentina and Brazil were between 11 and 28 percent below those in the United States, largely because of higher land and capital costs. maize production costs and returns to maize farmers in the study area. Highest silage yields obtained from 80,000 plants per hectare were not significantly higher than. Results showed that the difference between gross revenues and total variable costs for male and female maize-cowpea intercrop farmers was statistically significant at 5 % level. average yield for 2010 was 46. 96 t/ha Benefits. Success or failure depends largely on choosing the right legume(s). The dry matter yield per hectare range. Although some farmers do two seasons a year, the result of low-altitude maize seeds is generally lower than that suited for higher altitude terrains. Friedrich and Kassam, 2016). He gave an estimated cost of production per hectare to be around N314,000 which averagely can give 40 bags of maize or even less. 2 Based on spacing of 0. Although maize is a major crop globally, it is typically not grown under modern or comprehensive integrated pest management (IPM) programs aimed at minimizing economic damage and lowering environmental and health risks. Fact 6: Sub-Saharan African agricultural productivity (yield per hectare) is about 50 per cent of its European equivalent. Here variable and fixed costs were calculated separately. Higher per hectare yield of green fodder can be. 4 Yeild per hectare of maize Unit : kg/ha District 1984/1985 1984/1985 1984/1985 Maha Maha Maha Puttalam 1050 1000 760 Kurunegala 530 1000 680 Ratnapura - 140 - Kandy 1250 1240 1180 Matale 1000 360 810 Nuwara Eliya 300 - 300 Badulla 1210 650 940 Moneragala 990 660 930 Jaffna - 290 4000. A well planted acre should accommodate about 20,000 plants. Several factors. But how to get the best from the crop? The quick and simple answer to Ask The Kernel. • Productivity of maize (yield) has increased at a CAGR of 2. Price shifts for inputs can change production costs in both the short and long run. 84 tonnes ha-1 which was significantly (P ≤ 0. This website uses cookies, some of which are essential to the operation of our site. If we calculate the average yield for all of these crops we find it to be 10,642 pounds per one acre of land. per hectare in 2017. rice production and maize farming respectively. Success or failure depends largely on choosing the right legume(s). Furthermore, given high fertilizer costs, low maize yield response to nitrogen application is likely to also affect the profitability of its use. In economic terms, a farmer in the study area loses a bag of maize (140kg, bush weight) for every hectare of maize harvested. Y) were planted per hole at a spacings of 25 cm × 75 cm, while two seeds of soyabean (var. However, yields of 6 metric tons per hectare and higher have been realized by farmers using improved seeds such as Dupont Pioneer hybrid maize. Amongst cereal crops of India, Maize ranks fifth in area and third in production and productivity. Furthermore, an initial pilot of the EasyDry M500 found that. INTRODUCTION Global warming is defined as temperature increase world wide due to green house gases emission and cause deletion to ozone layer [1]. Babban Gona is a high impact, financially sustainable and highly scalable social enterprise, which is part-owned by the farmers it serves. This is one of the highest rates when it comes to Nigerian agriculture. Apart from irrigation, floods, droughts, low yield per hectare and division and fragmentation of holidays are the most important agriculture problem of the state. maize production costs and returns to maize farmers in the study area. may have lower or higher fixed costs per acre. 0 Results and Discussion. figure) (CEC, 2015). Maize has been a part of Africa's agricultural produce as the continent is one of the highest producers in the world claiming about 6. Assuming a yield of 2,5 ton/ha and a producer price of US$500/ton, a margin of US$745/ha is possible. Cereal yield (kg per hectare) - Country Ranking. 00 per hectare and production efficiency index (2. Maize contract farming besides scaling up integrators operations in terms of lower cost of production will benefit consumers through lower-end cost, the SBI official said. CASSAVA WEALTH FOR ALL NIGERIANS · AMAZING! Get a land lease for a year for just N5,000 and make an incredible profits of N400,000 to N500,000 per hectare · Investment Opportunities in Cassava tubers production, · Where to get high yield cassava yield that produces 30 tons per hectare. The seeds promise up to 68 bags per hectare. As an example, irrigated maize in the New South Wales Riverina usually requires between 600 and 1000mm of irrigation water per hectare (6–10 ML/ha) to produce a high-yielding grain crop. 75 million tons (19 million bags) to 2. The findings show that these variables have a significant impact on the net farm revenue per hectare. Cereal yield (kg per hectare) - Country Ranking. maize have been responsible for most of the almost nine-fold ( 1. For example, per capita maize production is slowly declining because of a significant decline in yield per hectare over time. In the bid to boost maize production in Nigeria by smallholder farmers, the Business Innovation Facility (BIF), an initiative of the Department for International Development (DFID), has identified. Ethanol from sugar cane costs more than $0. Maize accounts for about 20% of the calorie intake of 50% of the population in SSA. The per hectare income from foundation seed production was higher than that from certified seed by NRs. Zimbabwe’s major cotton seed producer Quton, has released new cotton hybrid seed with a higher yield potential compared to current non hybrid varieties, in a move that is set to revive the country’s cotton sector that has been on the decline for years. This cost is dominated by two inputs: hired human labor (52. 9 tonnes per hectare in 2016 to 6. mean yield of only 658 kilograms per hectare, that is, 49 percent below the yield of hybrid maize, the local maize varieties are grown in about half of the households. Since the later period of 1970’s, maize production in Jilin province has begun to take on a sharply positive trend of development. Yield continued to rise the following year, after the Growth and Development Strategy was established in 2006. Also, production can be increased to feed the family for longer, or excess produce can be sold. The cost of production is currently Sh2150 for small. While the amount of maize that can be harvested is dependent on a host of factors such as the variety planted, amount of rainfall, sunshine and the level of weed, pest and disease control management that was applied, a hectare of farmland should yield between 2,000 to 4,000 kilogrammes of maize. 8% Maize yield increase (8. 4 If applying top dressing only once, apply the amount recommended for the first and second top dressing together, e. 25 hectare plot. the total cost of production per ton of any crop. Production is dependent on an even distribution of rain throughout the growing season. fertilizer, high cost and or late supply disclosed that SG. School of Agricultural Economics, Haramaya University, Ethiopia Abstract. 1 tonnes per hectare, compared to 1. Interplant and row distance were 50 cm X 50 cm respectively. Most of the increase in rice production was due to higher yields, which increased at an annual average rate of 1. The provisional production estimate for 2017 is. A wide variety of fresh and conserved forages are available for dairy feeding. In 1993, farmers who had cultivated basic crops qualified for a payment per hectare, and those in Sinaloa, who had shifted to maize, were able to claim a transfer payment that was substantial for large landholders (the subsidy equalled about $100 per hectare). Maize silage and dairy cow nutrition Crop maturity and nutrient content In New Zealand, the focus on high energy yields per ha have reduced the cost per tonne of DM harvested. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Van Rooyen (2010) suggested that the issue regarding low maize. If you subtracted production costs - for irrigation and fertiliser - of around R25,000 per hectare per year, that is still a lot of money. Ethanol from sugar-beet, maize or wheat may cost around $0. In both regions, producers of RR and BR maize pay 47% more per kilogram of seed and use 44% less labor per hectare compared to other varieties. Estimate the yield for each site by multiplying the ear number (Step 2) by the average number of kernels per ear (Step 4) and then dividing that result by a kernel weight "fudge factor". Cost of tractor charge per hectare (Rs 4800. Global rice production more than tripled between 1961 and 2010, with a compound growth rate of 2. Some varieties may be susceptible to lodging under high plant populations. 0 Results and Discussion. We buy maize seed at Rwf540 subsidized price per a kilogram but we register low interest as we harvest below five tonnes of maize per hectare,” he said, adding that the potato crop is more beneficial as they harvest at least 15 tonnes of potatoes on a hectare of land and in a much shorter period of time which is almost half of the period that. The cost of a precision drill over a corn drill is estimated at £44 per ha, less than half the cost of the additional output. Seasonal and biophysical analysis of the efficiency of the N–P–K fertilizer rates on maize grain yield in the south and central Benin. This table shows the impact of variations in yield and price on gross margin. These budgets may be adjusted by putting in your own figures. The to­tal vari­able costs will amount to be­tween US $600 and US $700 per hectare. wheat yield per hectare 2010-2028;. Despite the importance of maize and the concerted efforts by government in the maize sector in Zambia, the country continues to battle with low and variable maize productivity (oscillating around 2 tons per hectare as affected by drought, Figure 1; as compared to the worldwide average of 5. 5 tonnes per hectare compared with global production of 5 tonnes per hectare,” he said. 1 ton per hectare (Jayne et al. and Oil Palm (NMOOP) 2 Plant protection chemicals Insecticides, fungicides, bio-pesticides, bio-agents, NMOOP micronutrients, bio-fertilisers etc. dollars per planted acre) Wheat production costs in the United States 2017, * U. World of Corn. Maize also has fewer pest and disease problems," said a report of the UN Food and Agriculture.